Thursday, May 24, 2018

Schnauzer Type

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Category: Schnauzer Facts

Schnauzer Type

including changes to breed standard over the years:

General Appearance

In the 1880's~The Schnauzers and the Affenpinschers were still very closely-related. While these dogs were still being developed, they would occasionally be registered out of the same litter.

Records show that The oldest registered Miniature Schnauzer, was a black bitch "Findel", born in October 1888, of unknown origin. The 


German Pinscher-Schnauzer Klub (PSK) was founded in 1895 in Cologne. The first Miniature Schnauzer registered with the PSK was "Jacco Fulda Liliput", born on 6 December, 1898.




The illustrations of "Jacco Fulda Lililput" in some cases differ only slightly from a different portrait, namely "Fritzle", which was declared as an Affenpinscher. 


The Modern Miniature Schnauzer is a robust, active dog of terrier type, resembling his larger cousin, the Standard Schnauzer, in general appearance, and of an alert, active disposition

Faults -  Toyishness, ranginess or coarseness.










The Head



The head in the late 1800's was more apple-like and not as refined as today’s Miniature Schnauzer. In the early 1900's the Pinscher Club had to specify that dogs needed to be bred true for at least three generations in order to be registered as Schnauzer or Affenpinschers in the stud book. At this time in the breed history, they were trying to solidify the types into set breeds. The Affenpinscher was supposed to have a square body but a shorter muzzle and rounder head, while the Schnauzer had a square body and a rectangular head.


The Modern Standard calls for the Head to be  strong and rectangular, its width diminishing slightly from ears to eyes, and again to the tip of the nose. The forehead is unwrinkled. The topskull is flat and fairly long. The foreface is parallel to the top skull, with a slight stop, and it is at least as long as the topskull. The muzzle is strong in proportion to the skull; it ends in a moderately blunt manner, with thick whiskers which accentuate the rectangular shape of the head. Faults - Head coarse and cheeky. The teeth meet in a scissors bite. That is, the upper front teeth overlap the lower front teeth in such a manner that the inner surface of the upper incisors barely touches the outer surface of the lower incisors when the mouth is closed. Faults - Bite - Undershot or overshot jaw. Level bite.


Schnauzer head cropped /un-cropped


schnauzerhead cropschnauzerhead natural




The Eye

Eyes - Small, dark brown and deep-set. They are oval in appearance and keen in expressionFaults - Eyes light and/or large and prominent in appearance.

good eyes







wrong color








too big 









Ears - When cropped, the ears are identical in shape and length, with pointed tips. They are in balance with the head and not exaggerated in length. They are set high on the skull and carried perpendicularly at the inner edges, with as little bell as possible along the outer edges. When uncropped, the ears are small and V-shaped, folding close to the skull.

fritz cropped webfritz setears web

 faulted: but occurs when ears are not set properly as a puppy, or in this case are damaged in a dog fight:


fritz natural web





The Body


1926~Miniature Schnauzers received separate recognition as a breed in the USA that Fall; the original American breed standard set a maximum shoulder height of 12" for both sexes. 




1953~The American breed standard was changed, which set the size for both sexes between 11-1/2" to 13-1/2", with disqualification for both at 14"; this was revised again that same year, making the minimum height for both sexes 12" and the maximum 14", with the ideal size to be 13-1/2". Solid white coloring or white patches on the body were a disqualification.



Size, Proportion, Substance

Size - From 12 to 14 inches. He is sturdily built, nearly square in proportion of body length to height with plenty of bone, and without any suggestion of toyishness. Disqualifications - Dogs or bitches under 12 inches or over 14 inches.


Correct Type:

schnauzer body type


Example of what is above average for rescue and shelter dogs.

austin stance


Example of what is commonly seen in shelters.


schnauzer shelter1schnauzer shelter2 





( examples are all Chihuahua X Schnauzer )

chizer chi schnauzer




 Neck, Topline, Body

Neck - strong and well arched, blending into the shoulders, and with the skin fitting tightly at the throat.

Body- short and deep, with the brisket extending at least to the elbows. Ribs are well sprung and deep, extending well back to a short loin. The underbody does not present a tucked up appearance at the flank. The backline is straight; it declines slightly from the withers to the base of the tail. The withers form the highest point of the body. The overall length from chest to buttocks appears to equal the height at the withers. Faults - Chest too broad or shallow in brisket. Hollow or roach back.

Tail set high and carried erect. It is docked only long enough to be clearly visible over the backline of the body when the dog is in proper length of coat. Fault - Tail set too low.


Forelegs are straight and parallel when viewed from all sides. They have strong pasterns and good bone. They are separated by a fairly deep brisket which precludes a pinched front. The elbows are close, and the ribs spread gradually from the first rib so as to allow space for the elbows to move close to the body. 

Fault - Loose elbows.

The sloping shoulders are muscled, yet flat and clean. They are well laid back, so that from the side the tips of the shoulder blades are in a nearly vertical line above the elbow. The tips of the blades are placed closely together. They slope forward and downward at an angulation which permits the maximum forward extension of the forelegs without binding or effort. Both the shoulder blades and upper arms are long, permitting depth of chest at the brisket.

 Feet short and round (cat feet) with thick, black pads. The toes are arched and compact.



The hindquarters have strong-muscled, slanting thighs. They are well bent at the stifles. There is sufficient angulation so that, in stance, the hocks extend beyond the tail. The hindquarters never appear overbuilt or higher than the shoulders. The rear pasterns are short and, in stance, perpendicular to the ground and, when viewed from the rear, are parallel to each other. 

 Faults - Sickle hocks, cow hocks, open hocks or bowed hindquarters.




The trot is the gait at which movement is judged. When approaching, the forelegs, with elbows close to the body, move straight forward, neither too close nor too far apart. Going away, the hind legs are straight and travel in the same planes as the forelegs.


Note - It is generally accepted that when a full trot is achieved, the rear legs continue to move in the same planes as the forelegs, but a very slight inward inclination will occur. It begins at the point of the shoulder in front and at the hip joint in the rear. Viewed from the front or rear, the legs are straight from these points to the pads. The degree of inward inclination is almost imperceptible in a Miniature Schnauzer that has correct movement. It does not justify moving close, toeing in, crossing, or moving out at the elbows.

Viewed from the side, the forelegs have good reach, while the hind legs have strong drive, with good pickup of hocks. The feet turn neither inward nor outward.

 Faults - Single tracking, sidegaiting, paddling in front, or hackney action. Weak rear action.




The typical Miniature Schnauzer is alert and spirited, yet obedient to command. He is friendly, intelligent and willing to please. He should never be overaggressive or timid.




Double, with hard, wiry, outer coat and close undercoat. The head, neck, ears, chest, tail, and body coat must be plucked. When in show condition, the body coat should be of sufficient length to determine texture. Close covering on neck, ears and skull. Furnishings are fairly thick but not silky. Faults - Coat too soft or too smooth and slick in appearance.



Dogs or bitches under 12 inches or over 14 inches.
Color solid white or white striping, patching, or spotting on the colored areas of the dog, except for the small white spot permitted on the chest of the black. The body coat color in salt and pepper and black and silver dogs fades out to light gray or silver white under the throat and across the chest. Between them there exists a natural body coat color. Any irregular or connecting blaze or white mark in this section is considered a white patch on the body, which is also a disqualification.