Thursday, May 24, 2018

Breed History (mini)

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Category: Schnauzer Facts

The Small, Wirehaired Pinscher. The smooth haired pinschers


The First Pinchers

700 AD

BIBARHUND (7th Century)

"From time immemorial comes to us one of the first mentions of ancestors schnauzer - beaver hunting dog (bibarhund). In the VII century, some German tribes used these dogs for the extraction of the beaver. The king of the Merovingian dynasty (Frankish state) Dagoberg (628 -638) in the Lex Baiuvariorum made it a capital punishment on anyone who accidentally or specifically killed the beaver hunting dog."

The 14th century brought us dogs that were descendants from the beaver hound.

In the 1800's the Pinscher family started to branch out was refined into the types that become the modern breeds.


Below we see , from Right to Left:

Affenpincher, Miniature Pinscher, Giant Schnauzer,

Miniature Schnauzer,German Pinscher, Standard Schnauzer.

family Type

Miniature Wire-Haired Pinscher


before the schnauzer was a breed and was still in development, (1880's):

A look at the colors  and how they developed and were refined.

click for a visual chart

Black: A solid clear black, a small white spot on the chest is acceptable.





Salt and Pepper: The eyebrows, beard, and legs will be light gray or silver white. The body hair is banded in various shades of black, white, gray, and tan. The hairs of the harsh topcoat are banded, alternating black and white, and then back to black again. Salt and Peppers come in various shades of gray from almost silver white to almost black.




Black and Tan*: Solid colored black jacket, with gray-tan* legs, beard, and skirt. The black-and-tan color was gradually modified to become today's black-and-silver.

*This color is now called black-and-silver in the United States .







Red-Tan (1884): bright red to chocolate , normally with lighter points and belly.

**Note this color was removed in the 1907 breed standard.




"gelb " Yellow – Off-White** (1884) : uni-colored flaxen or gray-white. Flaxen was

sandy to buff in color, what is seen in the dutch_smoushond. White was a very light gray.

The German word for white is:weiß.

 **Note this color was removed in the 1907 breed standard

The Breed standard overtime, as Schnauzers were developed into a separate breed they were carefully refined to be a smaller just as hardy version of there standard sized counter parts .  . 

1884 Schnauzer – Germany

Color: red-yellowish or gray-yellowish. His feet and underline usually lighter or gray-white. Further also allowed blackish, metal-gray, or silver-gray.

Either uni-colored or with yellow-brown marks on the eyes, the snout, and the legs. Also uni-colored flaxen or gray-white or white with black spots.


1907 Schnauzer - Germany

"All salt-and-pepper color shades or similar bristly equal color mixtures, and solid black". "Faults - all white, speckled, brindled, red, or bran colors".

from an online breeder board :

From the 1935 book,The Miniature Schnauzer, by Anne Fitzgerald (Paramoure) and her 1953 book, The Complete Miniature Schnauzer:

The three foundation sires in the Miniature Schnauzers were Ch. S. Peter v Westerberg, black, whelped Nov. 1902, Ch. Prinz v Rheinstein, black with yellow-gray markings, whelped July 1903, and Seiger Lord v Dornbusch, yellowish-gray, whelped Nov. 1904. ..... Prinz v Rheinstein was younger than Peter but older than Lord. Although he has more tail male descendants than both the others together, he died comparatively young, when only three or four years old. He seems, however, to have been bred to many, if not most, of the best bitches of his day.


The breed is said to be descended from the Moorland Dog, an older contemporary of the Bronze Age Dog, whence were derived the present day terrier breeds, the Spitz, and the Poodle. The term "pinscher" was used in Weiss' German translation of Youatt's works on dogs (1852) to denote terriers in general, and the breed was variously designated as Rauhaar Pinscher (rough-haired terrier), Rattenfaenger, (rat catcher), and Schnauzer. The latter name, which was finally adopted, (derived from Schnauze, meaning snout), was due to the stubby whiskers which distinguish the breed. Fitzinger, the Viennese zoologist (1802-1884), has described the Wire-haired Pinscher as a cross between the Dog of Boulogne and the Spitz. A cross of German black Poodle and wolfgrey Spitz upon old German pinscher stock, something over eighty years ago (**remember this was written in 1935!) is said to have produced the modern breed. This old pinscher stock is said to have been black-and-tan or rehfarbig (fawn). It probably formed, as well, the foundation of the Doberman Pinscher, which was developed by Otto Goeller of Apolda, from stocky black dogs with greyish-yellow points and thick, light undercoats, which were in part descended from drovers' dogs brought with cattle from Wurttemberg. Crossed with English Black-and-Tan terriers, the result was a smooth-coated, racy black-and-tan dog. The Schnauzer, derived from similar stock, probably took his mixed grey color from the Spitz side, and the rough coat and whiskers from the black Poodle. ......


The Miniature Schnauzer is an offshoot of the Medium or Standard Schnauzer, produced by selection and crossing. They have been bred distinct for over forty years, and were exhibited at least as early as 1899. German authorities state that the Miniatures come from a cross between the Medium Schnauzer and the Affenpinscher, and that no other blood was employed. The Affenpinscher is a breed which averages several inches smaller than the Miniature Schnauzer. It has a short, rather turned up face, rather long, soft coat, and is usually black in color, though black- and-tan, yellow, and red occur. There is no material on its origin available in English, but appearances would indicate some Griffon, at least.(*Note from Anne: I have lately seen the statement in an English paper that the reverse is true, and Affenpinschers were used in the formation of the Brussels Griffon.) About the turn of the century, Miniature breeders were trying to eliminate the characteristic head and soft coat of the Affenpinscher, while retaining the small size which it brought to the cross. A few attempts to improve type and color by breeding Medium Schnauzer bitches to Miniature dogs and inbreeding the resultant bitch puppies to the sire's side are recorded in the German stud books, but almost without exception they are too far back to be traceable today.

Notes were added byKaren Brittan, Britmor Schnauzers, a highly respected miniature schnauzer breeder in MN

During 1914-1918 Germany was at war and breeding slowed down with the Pinscher breeds.

The Following Time line from 1920-1945 was adapted from Paul Revere Miniature Schnauzer Club website.


The first Miniature Schnauzer arrived in the US, in 1920 but died shortly after arrival 


here. A few years latter Miniature Schnauzers were imported into the United States by Mr. W. D. Goff of Concord, Massachusetts, in 1923. In 1924 Amsel v. Cyriaksburg (photo right) and her two daughters Lotte and Lady v.d. Goldbachhöhe arrived in the US and would become the foundation for Miniature Schnauzers in the United States.

The first American litter was born at Marienhof Kennels sired by Mack v.d.
Goldbachhöhe out of Amsel v.d. Cyriaksburg in 1925. This same year the Wire-haired Pinscher Club of America was formed, and included both Standard and Miniature Schnauzers. The WPCA changed its name to the Schnauzer Club of America in 1926, and Miniatures were shown in the same class with Standards for a brief time in the Working Group. Miniature Schnauzers received separate recognition as a breed in the USA that Fall; the original American breed standard set a maximum shoulder height of 12" for both sexes. Borste v. Bischofsleben, an imported bitch, was the first Miniature Schnauzer registered by the AKC.

Miniature and Standard Schnauzers were transferred to the Terrier Group in the USA in 1927. Separate trophies were offered for Best Miniature and Best Standard Schnauzer, even though the Standards and Miniatures competed against each other in the same classes, with representatives of each breed competing in the Group. Siegerin Lenchen v. Dornbusch, a bitch, was the first Miniature to finish in the US. First male Miniature Schnauzer, Morle v.d. Ludwigshohe, arrived in Canada. Don v. Dornbusch and Moses Taylor tied for first male champion of the breed. Ch. Don v. Dornbusch was Best Miniature at the Terrier Specialty the first year the breed had classes. Woodway Raggedy Ann was the Best American-bred at the first Specialty.

In 1928 Ch. Viktor v. Dornbusch was BOB winner at Westminster. Ch. Dolf v. Feldschlösschen, a Czech import, was the first Miniature Schnauzer to win an AKC Group. Enstone Gerti van Duinslust, a black Dutch bitch, was the first Miniature Schnauzer imported into England.

In 1929 England, Miniature Schnauzers were registered with the Standard Schnauzers until May, 1932.

Ear cropping was banned from 1930-1934 in the US and cropped dogs were not allowed to be shown.

Only one Best of Breed award between the Miniature and Standard Schnauzer breeds was allowed by the AKC at each show starting 1931 (the two breeds competed against each other for Best), and only one breed was represented in the Group. Ch. Jean of Wollaton was the first uncropped AKC champion.

In 1932 Ch. Aennchen of Marienhof, an older full sister to Cuno and Rudi, was the BOB winner at Westminster, and was the first bitch to do so. Aennchen was also the first American-bred dog to win a Group.


1933 was a busy year for the Schnauzer in Britain and the North Americas. In the United States separate Best of Breeds were again provided for between the Miniature and Standard Schnauzers, and was followed by a change in the stud book, which after nearly seven years suddenly declared that a specialty club was supposed to cover but one breed. The Schnauzer Club of America was disbanded in 1933 and the Standard Schnauzer Club of America and the American Miniature Schnauzer Club were founded.

Miniature Schnauzers were originally shown in Canada in the Toy Group. The first official registration in Canada took place under the breed name "Schnauzer-Pinscher." This was the year that the British Miniature Schnauzer Club was formed.

In 1934, the U.S. breed standard called for males to be 10-1/2" to 13-1/2", with over 14" being a disqualification; bitches were to be 10" to 12-1/2", with over 13" being a disqualification. Faults were any solid color other than black, also very light, whitish, spotted or tiger colors, with albinos being a disqualification.

In 1938 Ch. Inka of Aspin Hill was the first black-and-silver champion in the US.

From 1939-1945, Europe was ravaged by war. During this time many dogs and lines were lost; for five years there was little or no breeding going on in Germany, although some dogs were smuggled out of the country.


referances: added 2015, Excellent timeline put togeather by Karen Brittan