Thursday, May 24, 2018

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The Official Standard for the Miniature Schnauzer


GENERAL APPEARANCE
The Miniature Schnauzer is a robust, active dog of terrier type, resembling his larger cousin, the Standard Schnauzer, in general appearance, and of an alert, active disposition.

Faults: Type - toyishness, ranginess or coarseness.

Read more: AMSC Breed Standard

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The Small, Wirehaired Pinscher. The smooth haired pinschers

 

The First Pinchers

700 AD

BIBARHUND (7th Century)

"From time immemorial comes to us one of the first mentions of ancestors schnauzer - beaver hunting dog (bibarhund). In the VII century, some German tribes used these dogs for the extraction of the beaver. The king of the Merovingian dynasty (Frankish state) Dagoberg (628 -638) in the Lex Baiuvariorum made it a capital punishment on anyone who accidentally or specifically killed the beaver hunting dog."

http://grou-bart.narod.ru/html/history.html

Read more: Breed History (mini)

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The genetics behind why there are only Three colors in the United States

ch dorem displayMiniature Schnauzer in the United States 1948 to Present.

What we have learned up to this point with colors and the dogs changed. Genes were lost and destroyed during the war, purposefully bred out, or culled from stock because dogs did not meet the correct type or fit the standard.  CH. Dorem Display had over six generations of all salt-and-pepper or "grey" parentage.  note: black-and-silver was not yet defined as a color and would of been classified a "black-and-tan".  This is worthy to note because an extremely high percentile of the American show lines trace their heritage back to this dog whelped April 5th, 1945. Also at this time the Miniature Schnauzer was officially established as a breed and its type was set. This means only minor changes happened in the breed standard after this point in history There was a section added to clarify allowed colors in the United States and the clarification of the black-and-silver color.

Read more: US Genetics

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Dilute brown fawnWhy are there other colors besides Black, Black and Silver, and Salt and Pepper being bred in United States ?

Short answer … poodles, pomeranians, miniature Australian shepherds  (and other crosses) have been added to the gene pool at less then reputable “kennels”, Casual Back yard breeders , and puppy mills.

 

Read more: Unacceptable Colors

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Schnauzer Type

including changes to breed standard over the years:

General Appearance

In the 1880's~The Schnauzers and the Affenpinschers were still very closely-related. While these dogs were still being developed, they would occasionally be registered out of the same litter.

Records show that The oldest registered Miniature Schnauzer, was a black bitch "Findel", born in October 1888, of unknown origin. The 

 

German Pinscher-Schnauzer Klub (PSK) was founded in 1895 in Cologne. The first Miniature Schnauzer registered with the PSK was "Jacco Fulda Liliput", born on 6 December, 1898.

 

 

Read more: Schnauzer Type

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 * updated 8-15-2012, still working on all references .

First a look at the canine general population.

Note : since the field of genetics is rapidly changing and scientific research

is still isolating all the gene markers .

Many of these markers have been bred out of,

or never existed in schnauzers.

The following pictures are only to  illustrate the color. 

Read more: genetics_101

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cd white dark skinFrom a Shady history to todays dogs.

Part 1

The Shady and questionable early history of the German and FCI white.....

German White:

In 1948 the white bitch Dixie v. Grunewald was born in Germany out of the blacks, Zecher v. Schoenhardt and Asta v. Grunewald. In spite of demands for her death, Dixie was raised by her breeder, Irmgard Sauer, and later bred with the white Standard Schnauzer Tell v. Bad Cannstadt. Inbreeding of their offspring and others became the basis of the white color in Germany, although Irmgard Sauer was the only breeder allowed to breed this color for several years.

 

Read more: FCI and German White:

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Here are some fine examples of Toy schnauzers :  

 

 

As you can see Ross the  breeder of this toy schnauzer took a lot of time an effort to fit it to the breed standard and it has quit an impressive beard ! Fritz ,picture to the left, is an AKC (American Kennel Cutie) Grand Champion.

He is finished in Snuggling, and is currently working towards an outstanding in chew toy, with his larger miniature schnauzer brother.

One of his favorite pass-times is just being slept on by Zoe his Miniature schnauzer older sister.

 

 

 

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Here are some Excellent Examples of Tea Cup Schnauzers !  

 and a list of amazing Teacup breeders:

 I hear that kennel  "Ebay", has some great deals on this breed too.

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irish spot BlGenetic Mutations

These colors still are unacceptable but are the result of genetic mutations and not cross-breeding. 

Often these types of mutation are one off genetic mistakes  and can't always be reproduced. 

 

 Note: Merle genes can only occur from Crosbreeding not mutation.

 Excellent site detailing the dangers and mutations linked Directly to the merle gene : http://merleminiatureschnauzers.weebly.com/

 

Read more: Genetics: mis-marked , Chimera, and Mosaic

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black tan blue MerelMerle:

Excellent site detailing the dangers and mutations linked Directly to the merle gene : http://merleminiatureschnauzers.weebly.com/

 

The first "merle" Schnauzers were marketed in 2006; they did not exist before that.

First attempts to produce this color were by crossing a schnauzer and a pomeranian, chihuahuas were added later to make them even smaller. Later other breeders tried a Miniature Aussie-Schnauzer cross. The dogs that are produced have very domed heads, soft coats(super-coated), and are normally sporting the cockerspaniel's high skirted clip.

 

 

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Parti-Colors

Although there were a spattering of black and white  parti-colored Schnauzers in the very early days(1880's) when out-crossing with other Pinschers was still occurring. These colors stopped showing up with any frequency by 1920.


The story is similar to the one kennel in Germany producing whites. The Poodle/Spitz out-cross argument is not really very valid considering the crosses were rare, and happened in the 1820's, where it is documented that only a few very rare crosses with German black Poodle, and Finnish Spitz occurred.

Spotting : Spotting occurred in the very begging of the breed , But ONLY white dogs with even black spots  where ever whelped. It was declared a fault after 1920 when the breed began being standardized. Zero dogs were registered as parti-colored  schnauzers between the onset of the stuf book in 1880 and when the first litter cropped up in 1929

The prominent Schnauzer breeders at the time were:

  • Ernst Starke - breeding kennel Chemnitz-Plauen in Saxony,
  • Two kennels from the area of East Prussia,
  • Dr. Frommer of Königsberg (Batischort breeding)
  • and the Countess Kanitz (kennel Abbagamba).

Of these kennels ONLY ONE ever produced spotted puppies.

. The one litter that  showed up at the beginning  of the first world war  was denied admittance  by the PSK. At the same time period the Fox Terriers were becoming extremely popular in europe that they have flashy spots. Countess Kanitz had three parti schnauzer suddenly crop up in a litter in 1929, which she then inbred sibling to sibling,  to produce more partis and of the second litter inbred sibling pairs again. This went on  for three generations before the PSK told her to stop. In 1933 the PSK denied them status after much review  because at that time the Wire Fox terrier was becoming very popular in Europe and they doubted the Purity of the parentage, the color was  already marked a fault. The genes died out in the 1930's and the color was no-longer seen after the first world war. 

 The  most probable genotype of these black and white dogs would of been .

 spotted Bl

        BB/sp

Read more: Parti-Colored Schnauzers

Category: Schnauzer Facts