Thursday, May 24, 2018

Pet Spay/Nuter

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Category: Schnauzer Health

 0001 austinSpay and Neuter / Pediatric Spay and Neuter

The importance of altering pets.  
http://www.spayusa.org/main_directory/03-programs_and_clinics/nba_programs.asp
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Neuter Before Adoption (NBA) Programs for Shelter Animals Introduction

"The general public does not understand the dire consequences of "just one litter." They don't understand how pets reproduce. If we neuter before adoption, their lack of understanding, procrastination, and financial priorities all become non-issues.

 

Pre-Adoption Spay and Neuter (NBA):

A Look at Different Solutions for Three Counties

We know from studies that compliance with spay/neuter contracts and deposit systems is only 60%. We know that the contracts may not stand up in court. If only a small percentage of the pets we place for adoption go on to have"just one litter," are we not, in fact, contributing to the very problems we're working so desperately to solve?

Perhaps we should take the responsibility on ourselves, by seeing that no animal ever leaves our care before it is sterilized."

- Tracy Land, DVM

 

The dog world is sadly under educated.  Now I’m not against breeders, I love seeing a well bred member of my breed as a beautiful piece of art, form and function when love and care and diligence go into crafting a healthy dog to the breed standard. It’'s not the few hobby breeders that are very careful and love and respect the breed . The issue I have is with people who disrespect the breed, who pump out pups to make a quick buck, who have no intentions or want to better the breed or have no plan  other than to line their pockets with money from poorly bred animals that end up dying in our shelters .


This is an excerpt from an Article on Brittmore Schnauzers webpage says , and  I do agree with this wholeheartedly..

"breeding "funky" colors or the so-called "toys, micros", etc. indicates those breeders' misrepresentation and great disdain for the essence of what *is* the Miniature Schnauzer and where the breed is going in the future. It is thumbing a nose at the initial hard work of those early breeders who "had a dream" and a plan toward which to breed for the future. "
http://britmorschnauzers.com/breeding_and_breeders.html



I also don't disagree with Kate Mcmillians "right to breed " article.
Mrs McMillan's dogs are some of the most beautiful examples of our breed I have ever seen.

But  I will differ with many Breeders on spay and neuter laws . I am for them for Pets and I am willing  to try to come to a compromise on them .  Every year approximately  19 million pets end up in shelters. 50% of the 19 million will be killed. Everyday approximately 26301.3 animals are killed in shelters due to their not being enough homes. 25% of these animals are purebreds.

I really do think that if laws  are balanced they do much good . The next thing I want to mention is I do not like blanket national laws, these will need to be written up and passed and enforced locally.

Passing a law in NY with funding for enforcement  in NY , does nothing to help the animals  in MO that the local government can’t allocate the money too. A local push ensures that the programs get properly managed .

I overall like the approach Los Angeles  took , this is Los Angeles actual dog code:

It doesn't outlaw keeping an unaltered animal , but it does put restrictions on it so that if you are planning to show, have a sporting dog, or an agility dog, or a service animal  you are exempt. But it does effectively slow down , or stop the people that breed just for the sake of it. I cannot in good conscience condone breeding for the sake of breeding with the amount of animals in shelters .

 

For Show and  Sport Kennels/Owners

My proposal is all dogs must be registered by 3 months (or with their first rabies shot depending on the rules of your state).

At 3 months you can choose for an extra $5.00 fee to add your puppy to a sporting or show registry. This is a promise that the animal you have registered is going to be used as a sporting, working or as a show dog and you can request to leave it unaltered.

You must show proof that the animal is being trained, shown, or used for the sport you have declared by the time it is 2 years old.

( we can hope that by the time it receives its rabies booster at 1 year the owner could declare and show proof of classes or events).
You may not breed the animal until after it has reached 2 years of age, no good breeder will breed before the animal has matured .

 

In fact here is a great flow chart put out by the Minnesota Miniature schnauzer Club on if you should breed your dog:

It takes 2 full years to be able to run all the health tests a good breeder will run any way.

(saying this is too early is also silly since there are dog that are finished by 6 months)

Considering you can have puppies altered at 6 weeks or 2 lbs.

2 full years for a show or sport prospect is a long time.

If by 2 years of age the animal has not been shown, trained or used in any dog sport; and there is no medical reason preventing it, it will be deemed a pet it must be altered within 90 days  of its second birthday.


Pets
If at 3 months the animal is registered as a pet or companion.

The animal MUST be altered before it's first birthday.

There are stipulations surrounding this , if the animal becomes pregnant a $75.00 fine is levied per puppy born on both the owner of the bitch and the Dog if known .

For rescues, and breeders selling pet quality puppies on limited registration.

The pet quality puppies and all rescues need to be altered before they go to their new home.

For dogs at the shelter, all animals that are unclaimed must be spayed or neutered before adoption. This can be done by doing a vet pick up where the animal is altered and the new owner pays the tab upon pickup. for Breeder it is their responsibility to alter pet quality animals before they leave their care.

 

Info on early spay and neuter


http://vetmed.illinois.edu/ope/ivb/spay-neu.htm
Pros early spay and neuter :
“These studies report that anesthetizing 6- to 7-week-old puppies and kittens was uneventful. Spays are reported to be easier and faster at 6 to 7 weeks than at 6 to 7 months because there is little subcutaneous fat to hinder entrance to the abdominal cavity and the lack of vasculature reduces hemorrhage. Finding organs was no harder than on the older animal. The speed of castrations at 6 to 7 weeks and at 6 to 7 months is the same, and the testicles are easier to remove and break down. Finally, the younger animals recovered faster and with less pain.

Several of these studies addressed the question of long-term effects on the health of the animal by comparing, at maturity, groups of animals neutered at 6 to 7 weeks and at 6 to 7 months. The resulting resting metabolic rate and predisposition to obesity of cats neutered in these two age categories have been compared after 24 months of age (5,7). The urethral diameters of male or female cats neutered in these categories was compared at 22 months of age (8).

Many aspects of skeletal dimensions, body weight and composition, physical maturation, secondary sex characteristics or behavioral development of cats (6) and dogs (11,13) neutered/spayed in the two groups were compared at one year of age. The only notable difference found was that the animals neutered at 6 to 7 weeks of age were more likely to have immature external genitalia at maturity; this has no known clinical significance (6,8,11). The benefits of neutering are the same at either age: reduced risk of reproductive disorders and of mammary neoplasia.”



Possible  cons are:
possible spay incontinence.
possible narrowing of the urethra
and the bones grow longer slower for a greater length of time creating more wirey dogs. This  could be seen as a plus is some larger breeds because growing too fast creates problems too.

From more recent studies  there really isn't THAT much difference between the instances of  possible spay incontinence and possible narrowing of the urethra. The test groups isn't any more likely then  it would be in the general population.

http://www.bestfriends.org/archives/forums/pediatric.html
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......Veterinarians opposed to prepubertal spay/neuter have argued for years that early spay/neuter could lead to stunted growth, obesity, perivulvar dermatitis, vaginitis, behavioral changes, urinary incontinence, urethral obstructions in cats, hormonal problems, heart problems, decreased immunity and increased surgical and anesthetic risks during the spay/neuter procedure. Some of these concerns were more easily studied than others, and in the 1990's some excellent research was done on the effect of prepubertal neutering on urethral size and flow in male cats, growth and obesity. Most studies found prepubertal spay/neuter to have no significant consequence........read that article it's excellent..


I’m also all for giving suggestions on how we can HELP curb the overpopulation issues outlined by the facts at the beginning of this article.

These Are pretty lenient requests , most of my contemporaries in the rescue community would complain it's too lenient . But I am ok with compromise , balance and will try to come to an agreed upon happy  medium.

 

I want to see Good examples of our breed out there. Unlike Peta and HSUS I don't want pets  eradicated, but I don't want them being used just as merchandise either.

For pet owners and people reading this who are looking for a conpanion puppy there are plenty that are available in shelters out there that need homes. 25% of shelter pets are purebred and honestly there would be fewer homeless dogs if people took the time to research the breeds  before going out and just getting a puppy or thinking they could “reclaim on the investment” by having a litter.