Thursday, May 24, 2018

Diamonds In The Rough

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Category: Want a Schnauzer

  : A Guide To Finding A Schnauzer In The Shelter

rough diamonds

 

 

 

Many times people are looking on Pet harbor, or petfinder and just can't seem to find a schnauzer locally. The problem may be that they are searching for "schnauzer". Often when these Gems come into the shelter, they are literally Diamonds in the rough. They are unpolished, rough around the edges and don't even look like what the general public is expecting to see when they hear the word Diamond. 

Shelter Dogs are a lot like that. They may have come from years of neglect or abuse or have been lost or abandoned and just don't look their normal selves. Other things to consider, for a schnauzer anyway, is some people don't like to deal with the standard schnauzer cut. Some people like having a longer haired dog or take into consideration the time of year. I normally keep my dogs coat longer in the winter exspcially if I know we will be traveling into much colder climates to visit family.

When searching Petfinder Shelters for a dog. It is best to search thru  every dog in a facility, I have seen many mislabeled schnauzers over the years . My own Fritz was labeled as a

 Poodle mix by the local All Breed rescue.

Fritz before

Breed miss-classification 

First off if you have lost your dog, and it is not sporting a fresh clip (or even if it is and the staff simply are unable to identify the breed) make sure you are looking at every dog they have listed  AND physically going down to the shelter to see the dogs.

Secondly if the general public is looking for a specific breed of dog to adopt . They may not know to search under the several similar breeds or be able to identify a schnauzer under a longer coat.

In the past day here is a list of other Breeds mistaken for schnauzers or schnauzers mistaken for other  breeds on animal control and shelter sites.

It is very important to see the dog in person, you really can't know till you physically examine a dog  or send someone who knows what there looking for to see if it is really a particular breed.  Hair lies and hides the breeds below it. What you need to look for is the skeletal structure of the dog. If the lines somewhat match the breed standard.

Now I am  not expecting to find a show quality dogs in the shelter, once in a blue moon it may happen, but what you are looking for are a few baselines to help identify the breed.

For me the easiest areas  to benchmarks if you are looking at a schnauzer are the head , and the legs.

The miniature schnauzer breed standard

The schnauzer breed standard calls for a relatively square dog with a rectangular head.

SIZE, PROPORTION, SUBSTANCE


Size 
- From 12 to 14 inches. He is sturdily built, nearly square in proportion of body length to height with plenty of bone, and without any suggestion of toyishness.

Disqualifications: dogs or bitches under 12 inches or over 14 inches.

Click here for illistrated schnauzer profiles

click on the picture for full image . 

chart
schnauzer body type
Schnauzer   

HEADBellsa ears fell correctly
Eyes - Small, dark brown and deepset. They are oval in appearance and keen in expression.

Faults: Eyes light and/or large and prominent in appearance.

 

Ears - When cropped, the ears are identical in shape and length with pointed tips. They are in balance with the head and not exaggerated in length. They are set high on the skull and carried perpendicularly at the inner edges, with as little bell as possible along the outer edges. When uncropped, the ears are small and V-shaped, folding close to the skull.

 

  

zoe with shaved beard

 

 

 

 

Head - Strong and rectangular, its width diminishing slightly from ears to eyes, and again to the tip of the nose. The forehead is unwrinkled. The topskull is flat and fairly long. The foreface is parallel to the topskull, with a slight stop, and it is at least as long as the topskull. The muzzle is strong in proportion to the skull; it ends in a moderately blunt manner, with thick whiskers which accentuate the rectangular shape of the head.

  

schnauzerhead natural schnauzerhead crop 
Schnauzer  un-cropped  Schnauzer  cropped 

 Faults: Head coarse and cheeky.

The teeth meet in a scissors bite. That is, the upper front teeth overlap the lower front teeth in such a manner that the inner surface of the upper incisors barely touch the outer surface of the lower incisors when the mouth is closed.

Faults: Bite - Undershot or overshot jaw. Level bite.

A case of mistaken identity

Long haired dogs can get lumped under this heading, also the introduction of off colors by puppy mills and back yard breeders do not help classification. Although american whites(europe has the genes that support white breeding), choclate/liver, and parti-colors are very likly mixed breed schnauzers , and not purebred.

Video

shaved miniature schnauzers: 

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&list=UUT5ornqWEXVePuamvL5UG3Q&index=3&feature=plcp">Shaved 

 shaved breeds reference photos


Just another Terrier. Right?A generic catch all for breed guesses. Schnauzers , although in the Terrier group in North America are actually not really a "terrier Type " dogmore reading here: click me
Breeds that can be  mistaken for a schnauzer or may be schnauzers mislabeled as these breeds.The following is a visual comparison chart to help with breed guessing shelter dogs to determine  schnauzer mixes

 

Affenpinscher

Affenpincher are a close relative to the Miniature schnauzer , they share a similar body shape, but have been bred smaller and their heads are very different. 

Breed standard

Affenpincher

This is a relative to the miniature schnauzer:
dogs resembling the Affenpinscher are noted as far back as the 15th and 16th Century in artwork from those periods, the dogs of this breed type were first named by the German name of "Zwergaffenpinscher" in the late 17th century.  Literally translated:
“zwerg”
 meaning  "miniature" or "little"

“affen” meaning  “monkey”
and “pinscher” meaning  “dog”The breed's German creators gave the first of their kind a very descriptive name of the “little monkey dog.” The breed initially was in a variety of sizes. Some believed to be as large as 18 inches in height. Later the larger dogs, which at one time were the more popular, were phased out and the focus was that "Affenpinschers" were to be a "toy" dog therefore it is also believed at that time the term "zwerg" was no longer deemed necessary.The Affenpinscher is a descendant of dogs that were originally found in Germany which were later selectively bred to create the Pinscher-Schnauzer breeds from that country.read more here: http://affenpinscher.com/Early%20Affen%20History.html 
 
Size, Proportion. Substance - A sturdy, compact dog with medium bone, not delicate in any way. Preferred height at the withers is 9 ½" to 11 1/2". Withers height is approximately the same as the length of the

schnauzer body type  affenhead uncrop body
Schnauzer  Affenpinscher
Body from the point of the shoulder to point of the buttocks, giving a square appearance. The female may be slightly longer.
schnauzerhead natural affenhead uncrop
  Schnauzer   Affenpinscher
The Affenpincher has a relatively squished face, and was bred to resemble a little monkey.
                                              
Head  --The head is in proportion to the body. Carried confidently with monkey-like facial expression.affenhead cropEyes—Round, dark, brilliant, and of medium size in proportion to the headbut not bulging or protruding. Eye rims are black.Ears—Cropped to a point, set high and standing erect; or natural, standing erect, semi-erect or dropped. All of the above types of ears, if symmetrical, are acceptable as long as the monkey-like expression is maintained.
SkullRound and domed, but not coarse.
Stop—Well-defined.
Muzzle—Short and narrowing slightly to a blunt nose. The length of the muzzle is approximately the same as the distance between the eyes.Nose—Black, turned neither up nor down. Lips—Black, with prominent lower lip. 
Bite—Slightly undershot. A level bite is acceptable if the monkey-like expression is maintained. An overshot bite is to be severely penalized. Awry mouth is a serious fault. The teeth and tongue do not show when the mouth is closed. The lower jaw is broad enough for the lower teeth to be straight and even.

 

 

 

 


Bichon Frisé

 These dogs are primarily White, a color that is not accepted in Schnauzers in the United States but is accepted in the FCI and Europe. The majority "white " schnauzers in the US are mixes.

General Appearance
The Bichon Frise is a small, sturdy, white powder puff of a dog whose merry temperament is evidenced by his plumed tail carried jauntily over the back and his dark-eyed inquisitive expression.

  


schnauzer body type  bichon
                             Schnauzer         Bichon Frise

Size, Proportion, Substance
Size Dogs and bitches 9½ to 11½ inches are to be given primary preference. Only where the comparative superiority of a specimen outside this range clearly justifies it should greater latitude be taken. In no case, however, should this latitude ever extend over 12 inches or under 9 inches. The minimum limits do not apply to puppies. Proportion--The body from the forward-most point of the chest to the point of rump is ¼ longer than the height at the withers. The body from the withers to lowest point of chest represents ½ the distance from withers to ground. Substance--Compact and of medium bone throughout; neither coarse nor fine.

schnauzerhead natural bichon head
Schnauzer  Bichon Frise 

Head 
Expression--Soft, dark-eyed, inquisitive, alert. Eyes are round, black or dark brown and are set in the skull to look directly forward. An overly large or bulging eye is a fault as is an almond shaped, obliquely set eye. Halos, the black or very dark brown skin surrounding the eyes, are necessary as they accentuate the eye and enhance expression. The eye rims themselves must be black. Broken pigment, or total absence of pigment on the eye rims produce a blank and staring expression, which is a definite fault. Eyes of any color other than black or dark brown are a very serious fault and must be severely penalized. Ears are drop and are covered with long flowing hair. When extended toward the nose, the leathers reach approximately halfway the length of the muzzle. They are set on slightly higher than eye level and rather forward on the skull, so that when the dog is alert they serve to frame the face. The skull is slightly rounded, allowing for a round and forward looking eye. The stop is slightly accentuated. Muzzle--A properly balanced head is three parts muzzle to five parts skull, measured from the nose to the stop and from the stop to the occiput. 


Border Terrier

General Appearance
He is an active terrier of medium bone, strongly put together, suggesting endurance and agility, but rather narrow in shoulder, body and quarter. The body is covered with a somewhat broken though close-fitting and intensely wiry jacket. The characteristic "otter" head with its keen eye, combined with a body poise which is "at the alert," gives a look of fearless and implacable determination characteristic of the breed. 

   
schnauzer body type  borderterrier
                                Schnauzer                 Border Terrier

Size, Proportion, Substance
Weight Dogs, 13-15½ pounds, bitches, 11½-14 pounds, are appropriate weights for Border Terriers in hardworking condition. The proportions should be that the height at the withers is slightly greater than the distance from the withers to the tail, i.e. by possibly 1-1½ inches in a 14-pound dog. Of medium bone, strongly put together, suggesting endurance and agility, but rather narrow in shoulder, body and quarter.

schnauzerhead natural borderterrier head
Schnauzer   Border Terrier  

Head 
Similar to that of an otter. Eyes dark hazel and full of fire and intelligence. Moderate in size, neither prominent nor small and beady. Ears small, V-shaped and of moderate thickness, dark preferred. Not set high on the head but somewhat on the side, and dropping forward close to the cheeks. They should not break above the level of the skull. Moderately broad and flat in skull with plenty of width between the eyes and between the ears. A slight, moderately broad curve at the stop rather than a pronounced indentation. Cheeks slightly full. Muzzleshort and "well filled." A dark muzzle is characteristic and desirable. A few short whiskers are natural to the breed. Nose black, and of a good size. Teeth strong, with a scissors bite, large in proportion to size of dog.


Carin Terrier

Carin Terrier Standard

Cairns have shorter legs than what would be  normal for a schnauzer as well as lighter brown eyes, and small erect ears , that tend to resemble that  of a westie (They are essentially the west highland white terrier's  ancestor).

General Appearance: That of an active, game, hardy, small working terrier of the short-legged class; very free in its movements, strongly but not heavily built, standing well forward on its forelegs, deep in the ribs, well coupled with strong hindquarters and presenting a well-proportioned build with a medium length of back, having a hard, weather-resisting coat; head shorter and wider than any other terrier and well furnished with hair, giving a general foxy expression.


schnauzer body type  carin body
                             Schnauzer                Carin Terrier

Body:   Well muscled, strong, active body with well-sprung, deep ribs, coupled to strong hindquarters, with a level back of medium length, giving an impression of strength and activity without heaviness.

Shoulders, Legs and Feet: A sloping shoulder, medium length of leg, good but not too heavy bone; forelegs should not be out at elbows, and be perfectly straight, but forefeet may be slightly turned out. Forefeet larger than hind feet. Legs must be covered with hard hair. Pads should be thick and strong and dog sho

uld stand well up on its feet.

Carin Terrier

 

Coat: Hard and weather-resistant. Must be double-coated with profuse harsh outer coat and short, soft, close furry undercoat.

Tail: Tail in proportion to head, well furnished with hair but not feathery. Carried gaily but must not curl over back. Set on at back level.

 

more pictures here:  https://picasaweb.google.com/cairn.ctcsc

schnauzerhead natural carin
 Schnauzer      Carin Terrier

                                              

Skull: Broad in proportion to the length with a decided stop and well furnished with hair on the top of the head, which may be somewhat softer than the body coat.

Muzzle: Strong but not too long or heavy.

Teeth: Large, mouth neither overshot nor undershot.

Nose: Black.

Eyes: Set wide apart, rather sunken, with shaggy eyebrows, medium in size, hazel or dark hazel in color, depending on body color, with a keen terrier expression

Ears: Small, pointed, well carried erectly, set wide apart on the side of the head. Free from long hairs.


Cocker Spaniel



American Cocker Spaniel

These dogs are Larger then the Miniature Schnauzer ,  tails are carried lower, Cocker ears are very long and low set  like hound ears,  and the head is rounded.

 

Cocker Spaniel Breed Standard

General Appearance

The Cocker Spaniel is the smallest member of the Sporting Group. He has a sturdy, compact body and a cleanly chiseled and refined head, with the overall dog in complete balance and of ideal size. He stands well up at the shoulder on straight forelegs with a topline sloping slightly toward strong, moderately bent, muscular quarters. He is a dog capable of considerable speed, combined with great endurance. Above all, he must be free and merry, sound, well balanced throughout and in action show a keen inclination to work. A dog well balanced in all parts is more desirable than a dog with strongly contrasting good points and faults.

schnauzer body type  cocker body type
Schnauzer  American Cocker Spaniel 

 

Size, Proportion, Substance
Size-- The ideal height at the withers for an adult dog is 15 inches and for an adult bitch, 14 inches. Height may vary one-half inch above or below this ideal. A dog whose height exceeds 15½ inches or a bitch whose height exceeds 14½ inches shall be disqualified. An adult dog whose height is less than 14½ inches and an adult bitch whose height is less than 13½ inches shall be penalized. Height is determined by a line perpendicular to the ground from the top of the shoulder blades, the dog standing naturally with its forelegs and lower hind legs parallel to the line of measurement. Proportion--The measurement from the breast bone to back of thigh is slightly longer than the measurement from the highest point of withers to the ground. The body must be of sufficient length to permit a straight and free stride; the dog never appears long and low.

Neck, Topline, Body 

Neck--The neck is sufficiently long to allow the nose to reach the ground easily, muscular and free from pendulous "throatiness." It rises strongly from the shoulders and arches slightly as it tapers to join the head.Topline--sloping slightly toward muscular quarters. Body--The chest is deep, its lowest point no higher than the elbows, its front sufficiently wide for adequate heart and lung space, yet not so wide as to interfere with the straightforward movement of the forelegs. Ribs are deep and well sprung. Back is strong and sloping evenly and slightly downward from the shoulders to the set-on of the docked tail. The docked tail is set on and carried on a line with the topline of the back, or slightly higher; never straight up like a Terrier and never so low as to indicate timidity. When the dog is in motion the tail action is merry.

 

schnauzerhead natural AMcockerspaniel
Schnauzer  Cocker Spaniel  

  

Head
To attain a well proportioned head, which must be in balance with the rest of the dog, it embodies the following:Expression--The expression is intelligent, alert, soft and appealing.

 Eyes--Eyeballs are round and full and look directly forward. The shape of the eye rims gives a slightly almond shaped appearance; the eye is not weak or goggled. The color of the iris is dark brown and in general the darker the better.

 Ears--Lobular, long, of fine leather, well feathered, and placed no higher than a line to the lower part of the eye. 

Skull--Rounded but not exaggerated with no tendency toward flatness; the eyebrows are clearly defined with a pronounced stop. The bony structure beneath the eyes is well chiseled with no prominence in the cheeks. The muzzle is broad and deep, with square even jaws. To be in correct balance, the distance from the stop to the tip of the nose is one half the distance from the stop up over the crown to the base of the skull.

 Nose--of sufficient size to balance the muzzle and foreface, with well developed nostrils typical of a sporting dog. It is black in color in the blacks, black and tans, and black and whites; in other colors it may be brown, liver or black, the darker the better. The color of nose harmonizes with the color of the eye rim.

 Lips--The upper lip is full and of sufficient depth to cover the lower jaw.

 Teeth--Teeth strong and sound, not too small and meet in a scissors bite.


Dachshund : Wirehaired

Wirehaired Dachshunds

Coat-With the exception of jaw, eyebrows, and ears, the whole body is covered with a uniform tight, short, thick, rough, hard, outer coat but with finer, somewhat softer, shorter hairs (undercoat) everywhere distributed between the coarser hairs.  On the ears the hair is shorter than on the body, almost smooth. The general arrangement of the hair is such that the wirehaired Dachshund, when viewed from a distance, resembles the smooth. Tail-Robust, thickly haired, gradually tapering to a point. A flag tail is a fault.

Color of Hair-While the most common colors are wild boar, black and tan, and various shades of red, all colors and patterns listed aboveare admissibleWild boar (agouti) appears as banding of the individual hairs and imparts an overall grizzled effect which is most often seen on wirehaired Dachshunds, but may also appear on other coats. 

Size, Proportion, Substance
Bred and shown in two sizes, standard and miniature

miniatures are not a separate classification but compete in a class division for "11 pounds and under at 12 months of age and older."

Weight of the standard size is usually between 16 and 32 pounds.

schnauzer body type  wirehaireddashund
Schnauzer   Wire Haired Miniature Dachshund

General Appearance 
Low to ground, long in body and short of leg, with robust muscular development; the skin is elastic and pliable without excessive wrinkling. Appearing neither crippled, awkward, nor cramped in his capacity for movement, the Dachshund is well-balanced with bold and confident head carriage and intelligent, alert facial expression. 

schnauzerhead natural wirehaireddashund head
Schnauzer    Wire Haired Miniature Dachshund

Head 
Viewed from above or from the side, the head tapers uniformly to the tip of the nose. The eyes are of medium size, almond-shaped and dark-rimmed, with an energetic, pleasant expression; not piercing; very dark in color. The bridge bones over the eyes are strongly prominent.

The ears are set near the top of the head, not too far forward, of moderate length, rounded, not narrow, pointed, or folded. Their carriage, when animated, is with the forward edge just touching the cheek so that the ears frame the face. The skull is slightly arched, neither too broad nor too narrow, and slopes gradually with little perceptible stop into the finely-formed, slightly arched muzzlegiving a Roman appearance. 



Havenese

Havenese [1]

Havenese akc.org pdf

These dogs are shorter in the leg ,  longer in the body, and more blocky in the head then a schnauzer.

schnauzer body type  havanese body
Schnauzer  Havenese

Size, Proportion and Substance

The height range is from 8½ to 11½ inches, with the ideal being between 9 and 10½ 


inches, measured at the withers, and is slightly less than the length from point of shoulder to point of buttocks, creating a rectangular outline rather than a square one. The Havanese is a sturdy little dog, and should never appear fragile.

Champion Havanasilk Lilpawz Midnite Madness

A coarse dog with excessive bone is likewise contrary to type and therefore equally undesirable. The minimum height ranges set forth in the description above shall not apply to dogs and bitches under twelve months of age.

Disqualification: Height at withers under 8½ inches or over 11½ inches, except that the minimum height ranges set forth in the description above shall not apply to dogs or bitches under twelve months of age.

 Head                                     

schnauzerhead natural havanese
Schnauzer                      Havenese
In direct comparison, schnauzer carry there heads more angular due to the dog body shape at the shoulders . The Havenese also has a shorter muzzle, rounder head and longer ears .

Head
The eyes are dark brown, large, almond-shaped, and set rather widely apart.

Ears are of medium length; the leather, when extended, reaches halfway to the nose. They are set high on the skull, slightly above the endpoint of the zygomatic arch, and are broad at the base, showing a distinct fold.

The backskull is broad and slightly rounded. The stop is moderate.

Length of muzzle is slightly less than length of back skull measured from stop to point of occiput and the planes are level.

The nose is broad and squarish, fitting a full and rectangular muzzle, with no indication of snipiness.  A scissors bite is ideal. Full complement of incisors preferred.

Disqualifications: Complete absence of black (or chocolate in the chocolate dog) pigmentation on the eyerims, nose or lips.


Poodle 

Poodle

 

Although the body is still square, the head is rounded, ears are longer then the schnauzer and naturally hang lower. and the muzzle is much more tapered and comes to more of a point, as compared to the rectanular and blunt scahnuzer muzzle.

Click me for the illistrated Poodle standard  

schnauzerhead natural

   

Head and Expression 
(a) Eyes-- very dark, oval in shape and set far enough apart and positioned to create an alert intelligent expression. Major fault: eyes round, protruding, large or very light.

 

 

(b) Ears-- hanging close to the head, set at or slightly below eye level. The ear leather is long, wide and thickly feathered; however, the ear fringe should not be of excessive length.

 

 

poodle head

(c) Skull-- moderately rounded, with a slight but definite stop. Cheekbones and muscles flat. Length from occiput to stop about the same as length of muzzle.


(d) Muzzle

-- long, straight and fine, with 

slight chiseling under the eyes. Strong without lippiness. The chin definite enough to preclude snipiness. Major fault: lack of chin

 

Teeth-- white, strong and with a scissors bite.Major fault: undershot, overshot, wry mouth.

Neck, Topline, Body

schnauzer body type  poodle body type
Schnauzer            Poodle
  

poodle


 Neck well proportioned, strong and long enough to permit the head to be carried high and with dignity. Skin snug at throat. The neck rises from 
strong, smoothly muscled shoulders. Major fault: ewe neck.    
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Shih Tzu[schnauzer ? 1*]
schnauzer body type  shih tzu body
Schnauzer  Shi Tzu
 
Illistrated Shih Tzu breed standardShih Tzu: XERALANE`S ANGEL FACEA Shi Tzu is a small Long  bodied dog, with avery short muzzle and a  underbite. It's ear leather is longer on the head and hangs lower then the miniture schnauzer.SIZE: Ideally, height at withers is 9 to 10 inches; but, not less than 8 inches nor more than 11 inches. Ideally, weight of mature dogs — 9 to 16 pounds. It should also be noted that the proper dense and double coat may make a particular dog appear larger in size than it is in actuality.Body- Length between the withers and root of the tail is slightly longer than height at withers. The Shih Tzu must never be so high stationed as to appear leggy, nor so low stationed as to appear dumpy or squatty.   
schnauzer body type shih tzu
Schnauzer    Shih-Tzu
Shih-Tzu head is very domed  with longer ears and larger eyes .
 HEAD - Round, broad, wide between eyes, its size in balance with the overall size of dog being neither too large nor too small.
Fault Narrow head, close-set eyes.

Clarification No individual part should take prominence over another. The individual parts of the head should combine to produce a pleasing expression.

EYES - Large, round, not prominent, placed well apart, looking straight ahead. Very dark. Lighter on liver pigmented dogs and blue pigmented dogs.
 
Fault Small, close-set or light eyes; excessive eye white.

Clarification A dog may show some eye white, but it should never be so much that it detracts from the warm, sweet expression of the Shih Tzu.
EARS - Large, set slightly below crown of skull; heavily coated.
Clarification Ears should blend into the head.
SKULL - Domed.
Clarification The skull should be well domed and rounded or arched in all directions. The skull should never be flat. The skull should never fall away from the eyes. There should be a good amount of fore skull between and in front of the eyes.
STOP - There is a definite stop.
Clarification The stop is distinct definition between the skull and the muzzle and should be deep. There is no wrinkle such as that found in a Pug or Pekingese.


MUZZLE - Square, short, unwrinkled, with good cushioning, set no lower than bottom eye rim; never downturned. Ideally, no longer than 1 inch from tip of nose to stop, although length may vary slightly in relation to overall size of dog. Front of muzzle should be flat; lower lip and chin not protruding and definitely never receding.
Fault Snipiness, lack of definite stop.
Clarification When viewed from the front, the muzzle should form a square, being wide from top to bottom and from side to side. The muzzle should also be viewed from the side to be sure of proper nose-eye placement. Viewed from the side, the muzzle should be perpendicular to the skull. In order to have a square muzzle, it is extremely important for the jaw to be broad or wide. A strong, broad under jaw is integral in creating the proper expression as well as the correct muzzle shape. The muzzle cushioning contributes to the desired “soft” expression.
BITE - Undershot. Jaw is broad and wide. A missing tooth or slightly misaligned teeth should not be too severely penalized. Teeth and tongue should not show when mouth is closed.

Clarification The ideal undershot bite is one in which the outer surface of the upper teeth engages, or nearly engages, the inner surface of the lower teeth. This bite is often referred to as a "reverse scissors bite."

Scottish Terrier

illistrated breed standarda low, robust dog, with a long face.
 
Size, Proportion, Substance 
The Scottish Terrier should have a thick body and heavy bone. The principal objective must be symmetry and balance without exaggeration. Equal consideration shall be given to height, weight, length of back and length of head. Height at withers for either sex should be about 10 inches. The length of back from withers to set-on of tail should be approximately 11 inches. Generally, a well-balanced Scottish Terrier dog should weigh from 19 to 22 pounds and a bitch from 18 to 21 pounds.
 
Neck, Topline, Body 
schnauzer body type  scottish terrier body
Schnauzer   

Scottish Terrier


The neck should be moderately short, strong, thick and muscular, blending smoothly into well laid back shoulders. The body should be moderately short with ribs extending well back into a short, strong loin, deep flanks and very muscular hindquarters. The ribs should be well sprung out from the spine, forming a broad, strong back, then curving down and inward to form a deep body that would be nearly heart-shaped if viewed in cross-section. The topline of the back should be firm and
level. The chest should be broad, very deep and well let down between the forelegs. The forechest should extend well in front of the legs and drop well down into the brisket. The chest should not be flat or concave, and the brisket should nicely fill an average man's slightly-cupped hand. The lowest point of the brisket should be such that an average man's fist would fit under it with little or no overhead clearance. The tail should be about seven inches long and never cut. It should be set on high and carried erectly, either vertical or with a slight curve forward, but not over the back. The tail should be thick at the base, tapering gradually to a point and covered with short, hard hair.
 
 
 
Wheaten Scottie
Coat 
The Scottish Terrier should have a broken coat. It is a hard, wiry outer coat with a soft, dense undercoat. The coat should be trimmed and blended into the furnishings to give a distinct Scottish Terrier outline. The dog should be presented with sufficient coat so that the texture and density may be determined. The longer coat on the beard, legs and lower body may be slightly softer than the body coat but should not be or appear fluffy.
 
Color 
Black, wheaten or brindle of any color. Many black and brindle dogs have sprinklings of white or silver hairs in their coats which are normal and not to be penalized. White can be allowed only on the chest and chin and that to a slight extent only.
schnauzerhead crop scottish terrier
Schnauzer  Scottish  Terrier
Head 
The head should be long in proportion to the overall length and size of the dog. In profile, the skull and muzzle should give the appearance of two parallel planes. The skull should be long and of medium width, slightly domed and covered with short, hard hair. In profile, the skull should appear flat. There should be a slight but definite stop between the skull and muzzle at eye level, allowing the eyes to be set in under the brow, contributing to proper Scottish Terrier expression. The skull should be smooth with no prominences or depressions and the cheeks should be flat and clean. The muzzle should be approximately equal to the length of skull with only a slight taper to the nose.Scottish Kennel Club Championship 30th Aug 2009The muzzle should be well filled in under the eye, with no evidence of snippiness. A correct Scottish Terrier muzzle should fill an average man's hand. The nose should be black, regardless of coat color, and of good size, projecting somewhat over the mouth and giving the impression that the upper jaw is longer than the lower. The teeth should be large and evenly spaced, having either a scissor or level bite, the former preferred. The jaw should be square, level and powerful. Undershot or overshot bites should be penalized. The eyes should be set wide apart and well in under the brow. They should be small, bright and piercing, and almond-shaped not round. The color should be dark brown or nearly black, the darker the better. The ears should be small, prick, set well up on the skull and pointed, but never cut. They should be covered with short velvety hair. From the front, the outer edge of the ear should form a straight line up from the side of the skull. The use, size, shape and placement of the ear and its erect carriage are major elements of the keen, alert, intelligent Scottish Terrier expression.